[help]question about configuration of voicemail


#1

I followed the guide of the book “the future of voip” to configure the voicemail.conf, but it wont work . I used the sip debug in console, and saw it said:Cannot open mail:25
can someone help me to figure out where is the problem?
btw,what is the pager_email? will anybody explain?


#2

Post your extension.conf. We cannot help without information.


#3

your asterisk box cannot connect to your Email server “mail” or sendmail is not configured.

HTH
Jag5x5


#4

hier is some information of .conf file
part of extensions.conf

exten=> 403,1,Dial(Sip/bing,20,r)
exten=> 403,n,VoiceMail(u403@default)
;exten=> 403,n,Playback(vm-nobodyavail)
exten=> 403,n,Hangup()
exten=> 403,102,VoiceMail(b403@default)
;exten=> 403,102,Playback(tt-allbusy)
exten=> 403,103,Hangup()

exten=> 406,1,Dial(Sip/siwen,20,r)
exten=> 406,n,VoiceMail(u406@default)
;exten=> 406,n,Playback(vm-nobodyavail)
exten=> 406,n,Hangup()
exten=> 406,n,VoiceMail(b403@default)
;exten=> 406,102,Playback(tt-allbusy)
exten=> 406,103,Hangup()


exten=>500,1,VoiceMailMain()

part of voicemail.conf

[code]
; Voicemail Configuration
;

;
; NOTE: Asterisk has to edit this file to change a user’s password. This does
; note currently work with the "#include " directive for Asterisk
; configuration files. Do not use it with this configuration file.
;

[general]
; Default formats for writing Voicemail
;format=g723sf|wav49|wav
format=wav49|gsm|wav
;
; WARNING:
; If you change the list of formats that you record voicemail in
; when you have mailboxes that contain messages, you MUST absolutely
; manually go through those mailboxes and convert/delete/add the
; the message files so that they appear to have been stored using
; your new format list. If you don’t do this, very unpleasant
; things may happen to your users while they are retrieving and
; manipulating their voicemail.
;
; In other words: don’t change the format list on a production system
; unless you are VERY sure that you know what you are doing and are
; prepared for the consequences.
;
; Who the e-mail notification should appear to come from
serveremail=asterisk
;serveremail=asterisk@linux-support.net
; Should the email contain the voicemail as an attachment
attach=yes
; Maximum number of messages per folder. If not specified, a default value
; (100) is used. Maximum value for this option is 9999.
;maxmsg=100
; Maximum length of a voicemail message in seconds
;maxmessage=180
; Minimum length of a voicemail message in seconds for the message to be kept
; The default is no minimum.
;minmessage=3
; Maximum length of greetings in seconds
;maxgreet=60
; How many miliseconds to skip forward/back when rew/ff in message playback
skipms=3000
; How many seconds of silence before we end the recording
maxsilence=10
; Silence threshold (what we consider silence, the lower, the more sensitive)
silencethreshold=128
; Max number of failed login attempts
maxlogins=3
; If you need to have an external program, i.e. /usr/bin/myapp called when a
; voicemail is left, delivered, or your voicemailbox is checked, uncomment
; this:
;externnotify=/usr/bin/myapp
; If you need to have an external program, i.e. /usr/bin/myapp called when a
; voicemail password is changed, uncomment this:
;externpass=/usr/bin/myapp
; For the directory, you can override the intro file if you want
;directoryintro=dir-intro
; The character set for voicemail messages can be specified here
;charset=ISO-8859-1
; The ADSI feature descriptor number to download to
;adsifdn=0000000F
; The ADSI security lock code
;adsisec=9BDBF7AC
; The ADSI voicemail application version number.
;adsiver=1
; Skip the “[PBX]:” string from the message title
;pbxskip=yes
; Change the From: string
fromstring=The Asterisk PBX
; Permit finding entries for forward/compose from the directory
;usedirectory=yes
;
; Change the from, body and/or subject, variables:
; VM_NAME, VM_DUR, VM_MSGNUM, VM_MAILBOX, VM_CALLERID, VM_CIDNUM,
; VM_CIDNAME, VM_DATE
;
; Note: The emailbody config row can only be up to 512 characters due to a
; limitation in the Asterisk configuration subsystem.
;emailsubject=[PBX]: New message ${VM_MSGNUM} in mailbox ${VM_MAILBOX}
emailsubject=[PBX]: New message in mailbox
; The following definition is very close to the default, but the default shows
; just the CIDNAME, if it is not null, otherise just the CIDNUM, or “an unknown
; caller”, if they are both null.
;emailbody=Dear ${VM_NAME}:\n\n\tjust wanted to let you know you were just left a ${VM_DUR} long message (number ${VM_MSGNUM})\nin mailbox ${VM_MAILBOX} from ${VM_CALLERID}, on ${VM_DATE}, so you might\nwant to check it when you get a chance. Thanks!\n\n\t\t\t\t–Asterisk\n
emailbody=Dear bing just let u know
; You can also change the Pager From: string, the pager body and/or subject.
; The above defined variables also can be used here
;pagerfromstring=The Asterisk PBX
;pagersubject=New VM
;pagerbody=New ${VM_DUR} long msg in box ${VM_MAILBOX}\nfrom ${VM_CALLERID}, on ${VM_DATE}
;
; Set the date format on outgoing mails. Valid arguments can be found on the
; strftime(3) man page
;
; Default
emaildateformat=%A, %B %d, %Y at %r
; 24h date format
;emaildateformat=%A, %d %B %Y at %H:%M:%S
;
; You can override the default program to send e-mail if you wish, too
;
;mailcmd=/usr/sbin/sendmail -t
;
; Users may be located in different timezones, or may have different
; message announcements for their introductory message when they enter
; the voicemail system. Set the message and the timezone each user
; hears here. Set the user into one of these zones with the tz= attribute
; in the options field of the mailbox. Of course, language substitution
; still applies here so you may have several directory trees that have
; alternate language choices.
;
; Look in /usr/share/zoneinfo/ for names of timezones.
; Look at the manual page for strftime for a quick tutorial on how the
; variable substitution is done on the values below.
;
; Supported values:
; ‘filename’ filename of a soundfile (single ticks around the filename
; required)
; ${VAR} variable substitution
; A or a Day of week (Saturday, Sunday, …)
; B or b or h Month name (January, February, …)
; d or e numeric day of month (first, second, …, thirty-first)
; Y Year
; I or l Hour, 12 hour clock
; H Hour, 24 hour clock (single digit hours preceded by “oh”)
; k Hour, 24 hour clock (single digit hours NOT preceded by “oh”)
; M Minute, with 00 pronounced as “o’clock”
; N Minute, with 00 pronounced as “hundred” (US military time)
; P or p AM or PM
; Q “today”, “yesterday” or ABdY
; (*note: not standard strftime value)
; q “” (for today), “yesterday”, weekday, or ABdY
; (*note: not standard strftime value)
; R 24 hour time, including minute
;
;

;
; Each mailbox is listed in the form =,,,<pager_email>,
; if the e-mail is specified, a message will be sent when a message is
; received, to the given mailbox. If pager is specified, a message will be
; sent there as well. If the password is prefixed by ‘-’, then it is
; considered to be unchangable.
;
; Advanced options example is extension 4069
; NOTE: All options can be expressed globally in the general section, and
; overriden in the per-mailbox settings, unless listed otherwise.
;
; tz=central ; Timezone from zonemessages above. Irrelevant if envelope=no.
; attach=yes ; Attach the voicemail to the notification email NOT the pager email
; saycid=yes ; Say the caller id information before the message. If not described,
; or set to no, it will be in the envelope
; cidinternalcontexts=intern ; Internal Context for Name Playback instead of extension digits when saying caller id.
; sayduration=no ; Turn on/off the duration information before the message. [ON by default]
; saydurationm=2 ; Specify the minimum duration to say. Default is 2 minutes
; dialout=fromvm ; Context to dial out from [option 4 from the advanced menu]
; if not listed, dialing out will not be permitted
sendvoicemail=yes ; Context to Send voicemail from [option 5 from the advanced menu]
; if not listed, sending messages from inside voicemail will not be
; permitted
; searchcontexts=yes ; Current default behavior is to search only the default context
; if one is not specified. The older behavior was to search all contexts.
; This option restores the old behavior [DEFAULT=no]
; callback=fromvm ; Context to call back from
; if not listed, calling the sender back will not be permitted
; review=yes ; Allow sender to review/rerecord their message before saving it [OFF by default
; operator=yes ; Allow sender to hit 0 before/after/during leaving a voicemail to
; reach an operator [OFF by default]
; envelope=no ; Turn on/off envelope playback before message playback. [ON by default]
; This does NOT affect option 3,3 from the advanced options menu
; delete=yes ; After notification, the voicemail is deleted from the server. [per-mailbox only]
; This is intended for use with users who wish to receive their voicemail ONLY by email.
; Note: deletevoicemail is provided as an equivalent option for Realtime configuration.
; nextaftercmd=yes ; Skips to the next message after hitting 7 or 9 to delete/save current message.
; [global option only at this time]
; forcename=yes ; Forces a new user to record their name. A new user is
; determined by the password being the same as
; the mailbox number. The default is “no”.
; forcegreetings=no ; This is the same as forcename, except for recording
; greetings. The default is “no”.
; hidefromdir=yes ; Hide this mailbox from the directory produced by app_directory
; The default is “no”.

[zonemessages]
eastern=America/New_York|‘vm-received’ Q ‘digits/at’ IMp
central=America/Chicago|‘vm-received’ Q ‘digits/at’ IMp
central24=America/Chicago|‘vm-received’ q ‘digits/at’ H N 'hours’
military=Zulu|‘vm-received’ q ‘digits/at’ H N ‘hours’ ‘phonetic/z_p’

[default]
; Define maximum number of messages per folder for partcular context.
;maxmsg=50

1234 => 4242,Example Mailbox,root@localhost
;4200 => 9855,Mark Spencer,markster@linux-support.net,mypager@digium.com,attach=no|serveremail=myaddy@digium.com|tz=central|maxmsg=10
;4300 => 3456,Ben Rigas,ben@american-computer.net
;4310 => -5432,Sales,sales@marko.net
;4069 => 6522,Matt Brooks,matt@marko.net,|tz=central|attach=yes|saycid=yes|dialout=fromvm|callback=fromvm|review=yes|operator=yes|envelope=yes|sayduration=yes|saydurationm=1
;4073 => 1099,Bianca Paige,bianca@biancapaige.com,delete=1
;4110 => 3443,Rob Flynn,rflynn@blueridge.net

;
; Mailboxes may be organized into multiple contexts for
; voicemail virtualhosting
;

403=>75938226,bing,bxjy2002@msn.com
406=>75938226,siwen,bxjy2002@msn.com
[/code][/code]


#5

Ithink you need a space in here

403=>75938226,bing,bxjy2002@msn.com
406=>75938226,siwen,bxjy2002@msn.com

403 => 75938226,bing,bxjy2002@msn.com
406 => 75938226,siwen,bxjy2002@msn.com

Also if you want send mail to send your email you will need to uncomment this line

;mailcmd=/usr/sbin/sendmail -t

Most alpha Pagers are capable of recieving email that is what pager_email is for it drops the recording attachment and just tells you you have a nw voicemessage and diplays the CID info


#6

it still wont work
can someone tell me how to configure the voicemail.conf,
and the ssmtp.conf?