Help cannot send or receive calls need configuration assista


#1

I am testing out a simple 1 line pots installation of Asterisk. I can find plenty of configuration help for sip setups but none for pstn setups. I have a digium X110P clone for testing purposes and just want to send and receive phone calls.

I have the internal soft phone working, I can use the system with internal extensions fine but cannot get outside or have outside callers call the asterisk box.
If people call me from outside the phone just rings, Asterisk will not pick up.
If I try to make a call from my soft phone I get a “all circuits are busy” recording.

Thanks,
Mike


#2

Hi Mike,

Maybe, I can help you, but first I have to examine your phone.conf, modules.conf and extensions.conf. But first be sure that in phone.conf ‘mode’ is set to ‘fxo’!

bye
Steve


#3

Steve,
Thanks for the help here are the files.

Here is the phone.conf:

mode=immediate
;mode=dialtone
;mode=fxo
;
; You can decide which format to use by default, “g723.1” or “slinear”.
; XXX Be careful, sometimes the card causes kernel panics when running
; in signed linear mode for some reason… XXX
;
;format=slinear
format=g723.1
;
; And set the echo cancellation to “off”, “low”, “medium”, and “high”.
; This is not supported on all phones.
;
echocancel=medium
;
; You can optionally use VAD/CNG silence supression
;
;silencesupression=yes
;
; List all devices we can use. Contexts may also be specified
;
;context=local
;
; You can set txgain and rxgain for each device in the same way as context.
; If you want to change default gain value (1.0 =~ 100%) for device, simple
; add txgain or rxgain line before device line. But rememeber, if you change
; volume all cards listed below will be affected by these values. You can
; use float values (1.0, 0.5, 2.0) or percentage values (100%, 150%, 50%).
;
;txgain=100%
;rxgain=1.0
;device => /dev/phone0

*****MODULES.CONF
; Module Loader configuration file
;

[modules]
autoload=yes
;
; If you want, load the GTK console right away.
; Don’t load the KDE console since
; it’s not as sophisticated right now.
;
noload => pbx_gtkconsole.so
;load => pbx_gtkconsole.so
noload => pbx_kdeconsole.so
;
; Intercom application is obsoleted by
; chan_oss. Don’t load it.
;
noload => app_intercom.so
;
; DON’T load the chan_modem.so, as they are obsolete in * 1.2

noload => chan_modem.so
noload => chan_modem_aopen.so
noload => chan_modem_bestdata.so
noload => chan_modem_i4l.so

load => res_musiconhold.so
;
; Load either OSS or ALSA, not both
; By default, load OSS only (automatically) and do not load ALSA
;
noload => chan_alsa.so
noload => chan_oss.so
;
; Module names listed in “global” section will have symbols globally
; exported to modules loaded after them.
;
[global]

***EXTENTIONS.CONF
; Asterisk Management Portal (AMP)
; Copyright © 2004 Coalescent Systems Inc

; dialparties.agi (sprackett.com/asterisk/)
; Asterisk::AGI (asterisk.gnuinter.net/)
; gsm (ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/utils/ … short.html)
; loligo sounds (loligo.com/asterisk/sounds/)
; mpg123 (voip-info.org/wiki-Asterisk+conf … nhold.conf)

; include extension contexts generated from AMP
#include extensions_additional.conf

; Customizations to this dialplan should be made in extensions_custom.conf
; See extensions_custom.conf.sample for an example
#include extensions_custom.conf

[from-trunk] ; just an alias since VoIP shouldn’t be called PSTN
include => from-pstn

[from-pstn]
include => from-pstn-custom ; create this context in extensions_custom.conf to include customizations
include => ext-did
include => from-pstn-timecheck ; this has to be included otherwise it overrides ext-did
exten => fax,1,Goto(ext-fax,in_fax,1)

[from-pstn-timecheck]
exten => _.,1,Goto(s,1) ; catch-all matching for calls that have DID info (if a DID route hasn’t matched them)
exten => s,1,GotoIf($[${IN_OVERRIDE} = forcereghours]?from-pstn-reghours,s,1:)
exten => s,2,GotoIf($[${IN_OVERRIDE} = forceafthours]?from-pstn-afthours,s,1:)
exten => s,3,GotoIfTime(${REGTIME}|${REGDAYS}||?from-pstn-reghours,s,1:)
exten => s,4,Goto(from-pstn-afthours,s,1)

[from-pstn-reghours]
exten => s,1,GotoIf($[${FAX_RX} = disabled]?from-pstn-reghours-nofax,s,1:2) ; if fax detection is disabled, then jump to from-pstn-nofax - else continue
exten => s,2,Answer
exten => s,3,Wait(1)
exten => s,4,SetVar(intype=${INCOMING})
exten => s,5,Cut(intype=intype,-,1)
exten => s,6,GotoIf($[${intype} = EXT]?7:9) ; If INCOMING starts with EXT, then assume its an extension
exten => s,7,Wait(3) ;wait 3 more second to make sure this isn’t a fax before dialing someone
exten => s,8,Goto(ext-local,${INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,9,GotoIf($[${intype} = GRP]?10:12) ; If INCOMING starts with GRP, then assume its a ring group
exten => s,10,Wait(3)
exten => s,11,Goto(ext-group,${INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,12,GotoIf($[${intype} = QUE]?13:15)
exten => s,13,Wait(3)
exten => s,14,Goto(ext-queues,${INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,15,Goto(${INCOMING},s,1) ; not EXT or GR1 - it’s an auto attendant
exten => fax,1,Goto(ext-fax,in_fax,1)
exten => h,1,Hangup

[from-pstn-reghours-nofax]
exten => s,1,SetVar(intype=${INCOMING})
exten => s,2,Cut(intype=intype,-,1)
exten => s,3,GotoIf($[${intype} = EXT]?4:5) ; If INCOMING starts with EXT, then assume its an extension
exten => s,4,Goto(ext-local,${INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,5,GotoIf($[${intype} = GRP]?6:7) ; If INCOMING starts with GRP, then assume its a ring group
exten => s,6,Goto(ext-group,${INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,7,GotoIf($[${intype} = QUE]?8:11) ;queue
exten => s,8,Answer ; answer call before queue
exten => s,9,Wait(1)
exten => s,10,Goto(ext-queues,${INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,11,Answer ; answer call before auto attendant
exten => s,12,Wait(1)
exten => s,13,Goto(${INCOMING},s,1) ; not EXT or GR1 - it’s an auto attendant
exten => h,1,Hangup

[from-pstn-afthours]
exten => s,1,GotoIf($[${FAX_RX} = disabled]?from-pstn-afthours-nofax,s,1:2) ; if fax detection is disabled, then jump to from-pstn-nofax - else continue
exten => s,2,Answer
exten => s,3,Wait(1)
exten => s,4,SetVar(intype=${AFTER_INCOMING})
exten => s,5,Cut(intype=intype,-,1)
exten => s,6,GotoIf($[${intype} = EXT]?7:9) ; If INCOMING starts with EXT, then assume its an extension
exten => s,7,Wait(3) ;wait 3 more second to make sure this isn’t a fax before dialing someone
exten => s,8,Goto(ext-local,${AFTER_INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,9,GotoIf($[${intype} = GRP]?10:12) ; If INCOMING starts with GRP, then assume its a ring group
exten => s,10,Wait(3)
exten => s,11,Goto(ext-group,${AFTER_INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,12,GotoIf($[${intype} = QUE]?13:15)
exten => s,13,Wait(3)
exten => s,14,Goto(ext-queues,${AFTER_INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,15,Goto(${AFTER_INCOMING},s,1) ; not EXT or GR1 - it’s an auto attendant
exten => fax,1,Goto(ext-fax,in_fax,1)
exten => h,1,Hangup

[from-pstn-afthours-nofax]
exten => s,1,SetVar(intype=${AFTER_INCOMING})
exten => s,2,Cut(intype=intype,-,1)
exten => s,3,GotoIf($[${intype} = EXT]?4:5) ; If INCOMING starts with EXT, then assume its an extension
exten => s,4,Goto(ext-local,${AFTER_INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,5,GotoIf($[${intype} = GRP]?6:7) ; If INCOMING starts with GRP, then assume its a ring group
exten => s,6,Goto(ext-group,${AFTER_INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,7,GotoIf($[${intype} = QUE]?8:11) ;queue
exten => s,8,Answer ; answer call before queue
exten => s,9,Wait(1)
exten => s,10,Goto(ext-queues,${AFTER_INCOMING:4},1)
exten => s,11,Answer ; answer call before auto attendant
exten => s,12,Wait(1)
exten => s,13,Goto(${AFTER_INCOMING},s,1) ; not EXT or GR1 - it’s an auto attendant
exten => h,1,Hangup

; ############################################################################
; Macros [macro]
; ############################################################################

; Rings one or more extensions. Handles things like call forwarding and DND
; We don’t call dial directly for anything internal anymore.
; ARGS: $TIMER, $OPTIONS, $EXT1, $EXT2, $EXT3, …
; Use a Macro call such as the following:
; Macro(dial,$DIAL_TIMER,$DIAL_OPTIONS,$EXT1,$EXT2,$EXT3,…)
[macro-dial]
exten => s,1,GotoIf($[ “${MACRO_CONTEXT}” = “macro-rg-group” ]?4:2) ; if this is from rg-group, don’t strip prefix
exten => s,2,GotoIf($["${CALLERIDNAME:0:${LEN(${RGPREFIX})}}" != “${RGPREFIX}”]?5:4) ; check for ring-group prefix
exten => s,3,SetCIDName(${CALLERIDNAME:${LEN(${RGPREFIX})}}) ; strip off prefix
exten => s,4,AGI,dialparties.agi
exten => s,5,NoOp(Returned from dialparties with no extensions to call)
exten => s,6,SetVar(DIALSTATUS=BUSY)
exten => s,10,Dial(${ds}) ; dialparties will set the priority to 10 if $ds is not null
exten => s,20,NoOp(Returned from dialparties with hunt groups to dial )
exten => s,21,SetVar(HuntLoop=0)
exten => s,22,GotoIf($[$[${HuntMembers} >= 1]?30 ) ; if this is from rg-group, don’t strip prefix
exten => s,23,NoOp(Returning there are no members left in the hunt group to ring)

exten => s,30,SetVar(HuntMember=HuntMember${HuntLoop})
exten => s,31,GotoIf($[$[${CALLTRACE_HUNT} != “” ] & $["${RingGroupMethod}" = “hunt” ]]?32:35 ) ; Set CAll Trace for Hunt member we are going to call
exten => s,32,Cut(CT_EXTEN=ARG3,$[${HuntLoop} + 1])
exten => s,33,DBput(CALLTRACE/${CT_EXTEN}=${CALLTRACE_HUNT})
exten => s,34,Goto(s,42)

exten => s,35,GotoIf($[$[${CALLTRACE_HUNT} != “” ] & $["${RingGroupMethod}" = “memoryhunt” ]]?36:50 ) ;Set Call Trace for each hunt member we are going to call "Memory groups have multiple members to set CALL TRACE For hence the loop
exten => s,36,SetVar(CTLoop=0)
exten => s,37,GotoIf($[${CTLoop} > ${HuntLoop}]?42 ) ; if this is from rg-group, don’t strip prefix
exten => s,38,Cut(CT_EXTEN=ARG3,$[${CTLoop} + 1])
exten => s,39,DBput(CALLTRACE/${CT_EXTEN}=${CALLTRACE_HUNT})
exten => s,40,SetVar(CTLoop=$[1 + ${CTLoop}])
exten => s,41,Goto(s,37)
exten => s,42,Dial(${${HuntMember}}${ds} ) ; dialparties will set the priority to 20 if $ds is not null and its a hunt group
exten => s,43,SetVar(HuntLoop=$[1 + ${HuntLoop}])
exten => s,44,SetVar(HuntMembers=$[${HuntMembers} - 1])
exten => s,45,Goto(s,22)
exten => s,50,DBdel(CALLTRACE/${CT_EXTEN})
exten => s,51,Goto(s,42)

;exten => s,1,GotoIf($[ “${MACRO_CONTEXT}” = “macro-rg-group” ]?4:2) ; if this is from rg-group, don’t strip prefix
;exten => s,2,GotoIf($[${CALLERIDNAME:0:${LEN(${RGPREFIX})}} != ${RGPREFIX}]?4:3) ; check for ring-group prefix
;exten => s,3,SetCIDName(${CALLERIDNAME:${LEN(${RGPREFIX})}}) ; strip off prefix
;exten => s,4,AGI,dialparties.agi
;exten => s,5,NoOp(Returned from dialparties with no extensions to call)
;exten => s,6,SetVar(DIALSTATUS=BUSY)
;exten => s,10,Dial(${ds}) ; dialparties will set the priority to 10 if $ds is not null

; Ring an extension, if the extension is busy or there is no answer send it
; to voicemail
; ARGS: $VMBOX, $EXT
[macro-exten-vm]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,Setvar(FROMCONTEXT=exten-vm)
exten => s,3,Macro(record-enable,${ARG2},IN)
exten => s,4,Macro(dial,${RINGTIMER},${DIAL_OPTIONS},${ARG2})
exten => s,5,GotoIf($[${CHANNEL:0:5} = Local]?s-${DIALSTATUS},1) ; if the channel is Local, then do not go to voicemail. This is primarily to avoid vm for call-forwarded extensions in ring groups
exten => s,6,GotoIf($[${ARG1} = novm]?s-${DIALSTATUS},1) ; no voicemail in use for this extension
exten => s,7,NoOp(Sending to Voicemail box ${ARG2})
exten => s,8,Macro(vm,${ARG1},${DIALSTATUS})
exten => s-BUSY,1,NoOp(Extension is reporting BUSY and has no Voicemail)
exten => s-BUSY,2,Busy()
exten => s-BUSY,3,Wait(60)
exten => s-BUSY,4,NoOp()
exten => _s-.,1,Congestion()

[macro-vm]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,Goto(s-${ARG2},1)
exten => s-BUSY,1,Voicemail(b${ARG1}) ; Voicemail Busy message
exten => s-BUSY,2,Hangup()
exten => _s-.,1,Voicemail(u${ARG1}) ; Voicemail Unavailable message
exten => _s-.,2,Hangup()
exten => o,1,Background(one-moment-please) ; 0 during vm message will hangup
exten => o,2,GotoIf($[“foo${FROM_DID}” = “foo”]?from-pstn,s,1:from-pstn,${FROM_DID},1)
exten => a,1,VoiceMailMain(${ARG1})
exten => a,2,Hangup

; For some reason, if I don’t run setCIDname, CALLERIDNAME will be blank in my AGI
; ARGS: none
[macro-fixcid]
exten => s,1,SetCIDName(${CALLERIDNAME})

; Ring groups of phones
; ARGS: comma separated extension list
; 1 - Ring Group Strategy
; 2 - ringtimer
; 3 - prefix
; 4 - extension list
[macro-rg-group]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,GotoIf($[${CALLERIDNAME:0:${LEN(${RGPREFIX})}} != ${RGPREFIX}]?4:3) ; check for old prefix
exten => s,3,SetCIDName(${CALLERIDNAME:${LEN(${RGPREFIX})}}) ; strip off old prefix
exten => s,4,Setvar(RGPREFIX=${ARG3}) ; set new prefix
exten => s,5,SetCIDName(${RGPREFIX}${CALLERIDNAME}) ; add prefix to callerid name
exten => s,6,Setvar(RecordMethod=Group) ; set new prefix
exten => s,7,Macro(record-enable,${MACRO_EXTEN},${RecordMethod})
exten => s,8,SetVar(RingGroupMethod=${ARG1}) ;
exten => s,9,Macro(dial,${ARG2},${DIAL_OPTIONS},${ARG4})
exten => s,10,SetVar(RingGroupMethod=’’) ;

;
; Outgoing channel(s) are busy … inform the client
;
[macro-outisbusy]
exten => s,1,Playback(all-circuits-busy-now)
exten => s,2,Playback(pls-try-call-later)
exten => s,3,Macro(hangupcall)

; What to do on hangup.
[macro-hangupcall]
exten => s,1,ResetCDR(w)
exten => s,2,NoCDR()
exten => s,3,Wait(5)
exten => s,4,Hangup

[macro-faxreceive]
exten => s,1,SetVar(FAXFILE=/var/spool/asterisk/fax/${UNIQUEID}.tif)
exten => s,2,SetVar(EMAILADDR=${FAX_RX_EMAIL})
exten => s,3,rxfax(${FAXFILE})
exten => s,103,SetVar(EMAILADDR=${FAX_RX_EMAIL})
exten => s,104,Goto(3)

; dialout and strip the prefix
[macro-dialout]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,GotoIf($[foo${ECID${CALLERIDNUM}} = foo]?5) ;check for CID override for exten
exten => s,3,SetCallerID(${ECID${CALLERIDNUM}})
exten => s,4,Goto(7)
exten => s,5,GotoIf($[foo${OUTCID_${ARG1}} = foo]?7) ;check for CID override for trunk
exten => s,6,SetCallerID(${OUTCID_${ARG1}})
exten => s,7,SetVar(length=${LEN(${DIAL_OUT_${ARG1}})})
exten => s,8,Dial(${OUT_${ARG1}}/${ARG2:${length}})
exten => s,9,Congestion
exten => s,109,Macro(outisbusy)

; dialout using default OUT trunk - no prefix
[macro-dialout-default]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,Macro(record-enable,${CALLERIDNUM},OUT)
exten => s,3,Macro(outbound-callerid,${ARG1})
exten => s,4,Dial(${OUT}/${ARG1})
exten => s,5,Congestion
exten => s,105,Macro(outisbusy)

; dialout using a trunk, using pattern matching (don’t strip any prefix)
; arg1 = trunk number, arg2 = number, arg3 = route password
[macro-dialout-trunk]
exten => s,1,GotoIf($[foo${ARG3} = foo]?3:2)) ; arg3 is pattern password
exten => s,2,Authenticate(${ARG3})
exten => s,3,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,4,Macro(record-enable,${CALLERIDNUM},OUT)
exten => s,5,Macro(outbound-callerid,${ARG1})
exten => s,6,SetGroup(OUT_${ARG1})
exten => s,7,CheckGroup(${OUTMAXCHANS_${ARG1}})
; if we’ve used up the max channels, continue at (n+101)
exten => s,8,SetVar(DIAL_NUMBER=${ARG2})
exten => s,9,SetVar(DIAL_TRUNK=${ARG1})
exten => s,10,AGI(fixlocalprefix) ; this sets DIAL_NUMBER to the proper dial string for this trunk
exten => s,11,SetVar(OUTNUM=${OUTPREFIX_${ARG1}}${DIAL_NUMBER}) ; OUTNUM is the final dial number
exten => s,12,Cut(custom=OUT_${ARG1},:,1) ; Custom trunks are prefixed with "AMP:"
exten => s,13,GotoIf($[${custom} = AMP]?16)
exten => s,14,Dial(${OUT_${ARG1}}/${OUTNUM}) ; Regular Trunk Dial
exten => s,15,Goto(s-${DIALSTATUS},1)

; This is a custom trunk. Substitute $OUTNUM$ with the actual number and rebuild the dialstring
; example trunks: “AMP:CAPI/XXXXXXXX:b$OUTNUM$,30,r”, "AMP:OH323/$OUTNUM$@XX.XX.XX.XX:XXXX"
exten => s,16,Cut(pre_num=OUT_${ARG1},$,1)
exten => s,17,Cut(the_num=OUT_${ARG1},$,2) ; this is where we expect to find string OUTNUM
exten => s,18,Cut(post_num=OUT_${ARG1},$,3)
exten => s,19,GotoIf($[${the_num} = OUTNUM]?20:21) ; if we didn’t find “OUTNUM”, then skip to Dial
exten => s,20,SetVar(the_num=${OUTNUM}) ; replace “OUTNUM” with the actual number to dial
exten => s,21,Dial(${pre_num:4}${the_num}${post_num})
exten => s,22,Goto(s-${DIALSTATUS},1)

exten => s,108,Noop(max channels used up)
exten => s-BUSY,1,NoOp(Trunk is reporting BUSY)
exten => s-BUSY,2,Busy()
exten => s-BUSY,3,Wait(60)
exten => s-BUSY,4,NoOp()

exten => _s-.,1,NoOp(Dial failed due to ${DIALSTATUS})

; Adds a dynamic agent/member to a Queue
; Prompts for call-back number - in not entered, uses CIDNum
[macro-agent-add]
exten => s,1,Wait(1)
exten => s,2,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,3,Read(CALLBACKNUM,agent-user) ; get callback number from user
exten => s,4,GotoIf($[foo${CALLBACKNUM} = foo]?5:7)) ; if user just pressed # or timed out, use cidnum
exten => s,5,SetVar(CALLBACKNUM=${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s,6,GotoIf($[foo${CALLBACKNUM} = foo]?2)) ; if still no number, start over
exten => s,7,GotoIf($[foo${ARG2} = foo]?9:8)) ; arg2 is queue password
exten => s,8,Authenticate(${ARG2})
exten => s,9,AddQueueMember(${ARG1}|Local/${CALLBACKNUM}@from-internal) ; using chan_local allows us to have agents over trunks
exten => s,10,Wait(1)
exten => s,11,Playback(agent-loginok)
exten => s,12,Hangup()

; Removes a dynamic agent/member from a Queue
; Prompts for call-back number - in not entered, uses CIDNum
[macro-agent-del]
exten => s,1,Wait(1)
exten => s,2,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,3,Read(CALLBACKNUM,agent-user) ; get callback number from user
exten => s,4,GotoIf($[foo${CALLBACKNUM} = foo]?5:7)) ; if user just pressed # or timed out, use cidnum
exten => s,5,SetVar(CALLBACKNUM=${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s,6,GotoIf($[foo${CALLBACKNUM} = foo]?2)) ; if still no number, start over
exten => s,7,RemoveQueueMember(${ARG1}|Local/${CALLBACKNUM}@from-internal)
exten => s,8,Wait(1)
exten => s,9,Playback(agent-loggedoff)
exten => s,10,Hangup()

; arg1 = trunk number, arg2 = number
[macro-dialout-enum]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,Macro(record-enable,${CALLERIDNUM},OUT)
exten => s,3,Macro(outbound-callerid,${ARG1})
exten => s,4,SetGroup(OUT_${ARG1})
exten => s,5,CheckGroup(${OUTMAXCHANS_${ARG1}}) ; if we’ve used up the max channels, continue at (n+101)
exten => s,6,SetVar(DIAL_NUMBER=${ARG2})
exten => s,7,SetVar(DIAL_TRUNK=${ARG1})
exten => s,8,AGI(fixlocalprefix) ; this sets DIAL_NUMBER to the proper dial string for this trunk
exten => s,9,EnumLookup(${DIAL_NUMBER})
exten => s,10,GotoIf($[$[${ENUM:0:3} = SIP] | $[${ENUM:0:3} = IAX]]?11:63)
exten => s,11,Dial(${ENUM})
exten => s,12,Goto(s-${DIALSTATUS},1)
; if dial fails (ie, all channels are busy), continue at 116 (n+101)

; exit points for macro
exten => s,63,NoOp(EnumLookup failed)
exten => s,106,NoOp(max channels used up)

exten => s-BUSY,1,NoOp(Trunk is reporting BUSY)
exten => s-BUSY,2,Busy()
exten => s-BUSY,3,Wait(60)
exten => s-BUSY,4,NoOp()

exten => _s-.,1,NoOp(Dial failed due to ${DIALSTATUS})

[macro-record-enable]
exten => s,1,GotoIf(${LEN(${BLINDTRANSFER})} > 0?2:4)
exten => s,2,ResetCDR(w)
exten => s,3,StopMonitor()
exten => s,4,AGI(recordingcheck,${TIMESTAMP},${UNIQUEID})
exten => s,5,Noop(No recording needed)
exten => s,999,Monitor(wav49,${CALLFILENAME}, mb)

;exten => s,3,BackGround(for-quality-purposes)
;exten => s,4,BackGround(this-call-may-be)
;exten => s,5,BackGround(recorded)

; This macro is for dev purposes and just dumps channel/app variables. Useful when designing new contexts.
[macro-dumpvars]
exten => s,1,Noop(ACCOUNTCODE=${ACCOUNTCODE})
exten => s,2,Noop(ANSWEREDTIME=${ANSWEREDTIME})
exten => s,3,Noop(BLINDTRANSFER=${BLINDTRANSFER})
exten => s,4,Noop(CALLERID=${CALLERID})
exten => s,5,Noop(CALLERIDNAME=${CALLERIDNAME})
exten => s,6,Noop(CALLERIDNUM=${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s,7,Noop(CALLINGPRES=${CALLINGPRES})
exten => s,8,Noop(CHANNEL=${CHANNEL})
exten => s,9,Noop(CONTEXT=${CONTEXT})
exten => s,10,Noop(DATETIME=${DATETIME})
exten => s,11,Noop(DIALEDPEERNAME=${DIALEDPEERNAME})
exten => s,12,Noop(DIALEDPEERNUMBER=${DIALEDPEERNUMBER})
exten => s,13,Noop(DIALEDTIME=${DIALEDTIME})
exten => s,14,Noop(DIALSTATUS=${DIALSTATUS})
exten => s,15,Noop(DNID=${DNID})
exten => s,16,Noop(EPOCH=${EPOCH})
exten => s,17,Noop(EXTEN=${EXTEN})
exten => s,18,Noop(HANGUPCAUSE=${HANGUPCAUSE})
exten => s,19,Noop(INVALID_EXTEN=${INVALID_EXTEN})
exten => s,20,Noop(LANGUAGE=${LANGUAGE})
exten => s,21,Noop(MEETMESECS=${MEETMESECS})
exten => s,22,Noop(PRIORITY=${PRIORITY})
exten => s,23,Noop(RDNIS=${RDNIS})
exten => s,24,Noop(SIPDOMAIN=${SIPDOMAIN})
exten => s,25,Noop(SIP_CODEC=${SIP_CODEC})
exten => s,26,Noop(SIPCALLID=${SIPCALLID})
exten => s,27,Noop(SIPUSERAGENT=${SIPUSERAGENT})
exten => s,28,Noop(TIMESTAMP=${TIMESTAMP})
exten => s,29,Noop(TXTCIDNAME=${TXTCIDNAME})
exten => s,30,Noop(UNIQUEID=${UNIQUEID})
exten => s,31,Noop(TOUCH_MONITOR=${TOUCH_MONITOR})
exten => s,32,Noop(MACRO_CONTEXT=${MACRO_CONTEXT})
exten => s,33,Noop(MACRO_EXTEN=${MACRO_EXTEN})
exten => s,34,Noop(MACRO_PRIORITY=${MACRO_PRIORITY})

[macro-user-logon]
; check device type
exten => s,1,DBget(DEVICETYPE=DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/type)
exten => s,2,GotoIf($[${DEVICETYPE} = fixed]?s-FIXED,1)
; get user’s extension
exten => s,3,SetVar(AMPUSER=${ARG1})
exten => s,4,GotoIf($[foo${AMPUSER} = foo]?5:9)
exten => s,5,BackGround(please-enter-your)
exten => s,6,Playback(extension)
exten => s,7,Read(AMPUSER,then-press-pound)
; get user’s password and authenticate
exten => s,8,Wait(1)
exten => s,9,DBget(AMPUSERPASS=AMPUSER/${AMPUSER}/password)
exten => s,10,GotoIf($[${LEN(${AMPUSERPASS})} = 0]?s-NOPASSWORD,1)
; do not continue if the user has already logged onto this device
exten => s,11,DBget(DEVICEUSER=DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/user)
exten => s,12,GotoIf($[${DEVICEUSER} = ${AMPUSER}]?s-ALREADYLOGGEDON,1)
exten => s,13,Authenticate(${AMPUSERPASS})
; devices can only be mapped to one user - loggoff anyone else who is here
exten => s,14,Macro(user-logoff)
; map user to device
exten => s,15,DBget(AMPUSERDEVICES=AMPUSER/${AMPUSER}/device)
exten => s,16,GotoIf($[${LEN(${AMPUSERDEVICES})} = 0]?18)
exten => s,17,SetVar(AMPUSERDEVICES=${AMPUSERDEVICES}&)
exten => s,18,SetVar(AMPUSERDEVICES=${AMPUSERDEVICES}${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s,19,DBPut(AMPUSER/${AMPUSER}/device=${AMPUSERDEVICES})
; map device to user
exten => s,20,DBPut(DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/user=${AMPUSER})
; create symlink from dummy device mailbox to user’s mailbox
exten => s,21,System(/bin/ln -s /var/spool/asterisk/voicemail/default/${AMPUSER}/ /var/spool/asterisk/voicemail/device/${CALLERIDNUM})

exten => s-FIXED,1,NoOp(Device is FIXED and cannot be logged into)
exten => s-FIXED,2,Playback(ha/phone)
exten => s-FIXED,3,SayDigits(${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s-FIXED,4,Playback(is-curntly-unavail)
exten => s-FIXED,5,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => s-FIXED,6,Hangup ;TODO should play msg indicated device cannot be logged into

exten => s-ALREADYLOGGEDON,1,NoOp(This device has already been logged into by this user)
exten => s-ALREADYLOGGEDON,2,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => s-ALREADYLOGGEDON,3,Hangup ;TODO should play msg indicated device is already logged into

exten => s-NOPASSWORD,1,NoOp(This extension does not exist or no password is set)
exten => s-NOPASSWORD,2,Playback(an-error-has-occured)
exten => s-NOPASSWORD,3,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => s-NOPASSWORD,4,Hangup ;TODO should play msg indicated device is already logged into

[macro-user-logoff]
; check device type
exten => s,1,DBget(DEVICETYPE=DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/type)
exten => s,2,GotoIf($[${DEVICETYPE} = fixed]?s-FIXED,1)
; remove entry from user’s DEVICE key
; delete the symlink to user’s voicemail box
exten => s,3,System(rm -f /var/spool/asterisk/voicemail/device/${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s,4,DBget(DEVAMPUSER=DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/user)
exten => s,5,DBget(AMPUSERDEVICES=AMPUSER/${DEVAMPUSER}/device)
exten => s,6,AGI(list-item-remove.php,${AMPUSERDEVICES},${CALLERIDNUM},AMPUSERDEVICES,&)
; reset user -> device mapping
; users can log onto multiple devices, need to just remove device from value
exten => s,7,DBput(AMPUSER/${DEVAMPUSER}/device=${AMPUSERDEVICES})
; reset device -> user mapping
exten => s,8,DBput(DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/user=none)
exten => s,9,Playback(vm-goodbye)

exten => s-FIXED,1,NoOp(Device is FIXED and cannot be logged out of)
exten => s-FIXED,2,Playback(an-error-has-occured)
exten => s-FIXED,3,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => s-FIXED,4,Hangup ;TODO should play msg indicated device cannot be logged into

;sets the callerid of the device to that of the logged in user
[macro-user-callerid]
exten => s,1,DBget(AMPUSER=DEVICE/${CALLERIDNUM}/user)
exten => s,2,DBget(AMPUSERCIDNAME=AMPUSER/${AMPUSER}/cidname)
exten => s,3,GotoIf($[“foo${AMPUSERCIDNAME}” = “foo”]?5)
exten => s,4,SetCallerID("${AMPUSERCIDNAME}" <${AMPUSER}>)
exten => s,5,NoOp(Using CallerID ${CALLERID})

; overrides callerid out trunks
; arg1 is trunk
; macro-user-callerid should be called before using this macro
[macro-outbound-callerid]
exten => s,1,DBget(USEROUTCID=AMPUSER/${CALLERIDNUM}/outboundcid)
exten => s,2,GotoIf($[“foo${OUTCID_${ARG1}:1:2}” = “foo”]?4) ;check for CID override for trunk
exten => s,3,SetCallerID(${OUTCID_${ARG1}})
exten => s,4,GotoIf($[“foo${USEROUTCID:1:2}” = “foo”]?6) ; check CID override for extension
exten => s,5,SetCallerID(${USEROUTCID})
exten => s,6,NoOp(CallerID set to ${CALLERID})

; ############################################################################
; Applications [app]
; ############################################################################
;
[app-directory]
;DIR-CONTEXT set in Digital Receptionist
exten => #,1,Wait(1)
exten => #,2,AGI(directory,${DIR-CONTEXT},ext-local,${DIRECTORY:0:1}${DIRECTORY_OPTS}o)
exten => #,3,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => #,4,Hangup
; *411 will access the entire directory (not just a single context)
exten => *411,1,Answer
exten => *411,2,Wait(1)
exten => *411,3,AGI(directory,general,ext-local,${DIRECTORY:0:1}${DIRECTORY_OPTS})
exten => *411,4,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => *411,5,Hangup
exten => h,1,Hangup
exten => o,1,GotoIf($[“foo${FROM_DID}” = “foo”]?from-pstn,s,1:from-pstn,${FROM_DID},1)

[app-dnd]
exten => *78,1,Answer
exten => *78,2,Wait(1)
exten => *78,3,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *78,4,DBput(DND/${CALLERIDNUM}=YES)
exten => *78,5,Playback(do-not-disturb)
exten => *78,6,Playback(activated)
exten => *78,7,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => *79,1,Answer
exten => *79,2,Wait(1)
exten => *79,3,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *79,4,DBdel(DND/${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => *79,5,Playback(do-not-disturb)
exten => *79,6,Playback(de-activated)
exten => *79,7,Macro(hangupcall)

[app-messagecenter]
exten => *98,1,Answer
exten => *98,2,Wait(1)
exten => *98,3,VoiceMailMain(default)
exten => *98,4,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => _*98X.,1,Answer ; can dial *98 to skip ‘mailbox’ prompt. Useful for speedial.
exten => _*98X.,2,Wait(1)
exten => _*98X.,3,VoiceMailMain(${EXTEN:3}@default)
exten => _*98X.,4,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => *97,1,Answer
exten => *97,2,Wait(1)
exten => *97,3,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *97,4,VoicemailMain(${CALLERIDNUM}@default)
exten => *97,5,Macro(hangupcall)

[app-callwaiting]
exten => *70,1,Answer
exten => *70,2,Wait(1)
exten => *70,3,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *70,4,DBput(CW/${CALLERIDNUM}=ENABLED)
exten => *70,5,Playback(call-waiting)
exten => *70,6,Playback(activated)
exten => *70,7,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => *71,1,Answer
exten => *71,2,Wait(1)
exten => *71,3,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *71,4,DBdel(CW/${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => *71,5,Playback(call-waiting)
exten => *71,6,Playback(de-activated)
exten => *71,7,Macro(hangupcall)

[app-callforward]
; dialed call forward app - forwards calling extension
exten => _*72.,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => _*72.,2,DBput(CF/${CALLERIDNUM}=${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*72.,3,Answer
exten => _*72.,4,Wait(1)
exten => _*72.,5,Playback(call-fwd-unconditional)
exten => _*72.,6,Playback(for)
exten => _*72.,7,Playback(extension)
exten => _*72.,8,SayDigits(${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => _*72.,9,Playback(is-set-to)
exten => _*72.,10,SayDigits(${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*72.,11,Macro(hangupcall)
; prompting call forward app - forwards entered extension
exten => *72,1,Answer
exten => *72,2,Wait(1)
exten => *72,3,BackGround(please-enter-your)
exten => *72,4,Playback(extension)
exten => *72,5,Read(fromext,then-press-pound)
exten => *72,6,Wait(1)
exten => *72,7,BackGround(ent-target-attendant)
exten => *72,8,Read(toext,then-press-pound)
exten => *72,9,Wait(1)
exten => *72,10,DBput(CF/${fromext}=${toext})
exten => *72,11,Playback(call-fwd-unconditional)
exten => *72,12,Playback(for)
exten => *72,13,Playback(extension)
exten => *72,14,SayDigits(${fromext})
exten => *72,15,Playback(is-set-to)
exten => *72,16,SayDigits(${toext})
exten => *72,17,Macro(hangupcall)
; cancels dialed extension call forward
exten => _*73.,1,DBdel(CF/${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*73.,2,Answer
exten => _*73.,3,Wait(1)
exten => _*73.,4,SayDigits(${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*73.,5,Playback(call-fwd-cancelled)
exten => _*73.,6,Macro(hangupcall)
; cancels call forward for calling extension
exten => *73,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *73,2,DBdel(CF/${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => *73,3,Answer
exten => *73,4,Wait(1)
exten => *73,5,Playback(call-fwd-cancelled)
exten => *73,6,Macro(hangupcall)
; dialed call forward on busy app - forwards calling extension when busy
exten => _*90.,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => _*90.,2,DBput(CFB/${CALLERIDNUM}=${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*90.,3,Answer
exten => _*90.,4,Wait(1)
exten => _*90.,5,Playback(call-fwd-on-busy)
exten => _*90.,6,Playback(for)
exten => _*90.,7,Playback(extension)
exten => _*90.,8,SayDigits(${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => _*90.,9,Playback(is-set-to)
exten => _*90.,10,SayDigits(${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*90.,11,Macro(hangupcall)
; cancels call forward on busy for calling extension
exten => *91,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *91,2,DBdel(CFB/${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => *91,3,Answer
exten => *91,4,Wait(1)
exten => *91,5,Playback(call-fwd-on-busy)
exten => *91,6,Playback(de-activated)
exten => *91,7,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => h,1,Hangup

[app-calltrace]
; We can’t have our timeouts or dial digits collide with other applications
; or extensions, so we build the app in pieces
exten => *69,1,Goto(app-calltrace-perform,s,1)

[app-calltrace-perform]
exten => s,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => s,2,Answer
exten => s,3,Wait(1)
exten => s,4,Background(info-about-last-call)
exten => s,5,Background(telephone-number)
exten => s,6,Dbget(lastcaller=CALLTRACE/${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => s,7,GotoIf($[${lastcaller}]?8:14)
exten => s,8,SayDigits(${lastcaller})
exten => s,9,DigitTimeout(3)
exten => s,10,ResponseTimeout(7)
exten => s,11,Background(to-call-this-number)
exten => s,12,Background(press-1)
exten => s,13,Goto(16)
exten => s,14,Playback(from-unknown-caller)
exten => s,15,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => s,16,NoOp
exten => 1,1,Goto(from-internal,${lastcaller},1);
exten => i,1,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => i,2,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => t,1,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => t,2,Macro(hangupcall)

[app-userlogonoff]
exten => *11,1,Macro(user-logon)
exten => *11,2,Hangup()
exten => _*11.,1,Macro(user-logon,${EXTEN:3})
exten => _*11.,2,Hangup()
exten => *12,1,Macro(user-logoff)
exten => *12,2,Hangup()

; ############################################################################
; Inbound Contexts [from]
; ############################################################################

[from-sip-external]

;give external sip users congestion and hangup *********commented out next 3 lines mike
;exten => _.,1,AbsoluteTimeout(15)
;exten => _.,2,Congestion
;exten => _.,3,Hangup
exten => _.,1,Goto(from-pstn-timecheck,s,1)

[from-internal]
;allow phones to use applications
include => app-userlogonoff
include => app-directory
include => app-dnd
include => app-callforward
include => app-callwaiting
include => app-messagecenter
include => app-calltrace
include => parkedcalls
include => from-internal-custom
;allow phones to dial other extensions
include => ext-fax
include => ext-local
include => ext-group
include => ext-queues
include => ext-zapbarge
include => ext-meetme
include => ext-record
include => ext-test
;allow phones to access trunks
include => outbound-allroutes
exten => s,1,Macro(hangupcall)
exten => h,1,Macro(hangupcall)

; ############################################################################
; Extension Contexts [ext]
; ############################################################################

[ext-zapbarge]
exten => 888,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => 888,2,SetGroup(${CALLERIDNUM})
exten => 888,3,Answer
exten => 888,4,Wait(1)
exten => 888,5,ZapBarge
exten => 888,6,Hangup

[ext-meetme]
exten => _8X,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => _8X,2,Answer
exten => _8X,3,Wait(1)
exten => _8X,4,GotoIf($[${CALLERIDNUM} = ${EXTEN:1}]?6:5)
exten => _8X,5,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|sM)
exten => _8X,6,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|asM)

exten => _8XX,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => _8XX,2,Answer
exten => _8XX,3,Wait(1)
exten => _8XX,4,GotoIf($[${CALLERIDNUM} = ${EXTEN:1}]?6:5)
exten => _8XX,5,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|sM)
exten => _8XX,6,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|asM)

exten => _8XXX,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => _8XXX,2,Answer
exten => _8XXX,3,Wait(1)
exten => _8XXX,4,GotoIf($[${CALLERIDNUM} = ${EXTEN:1}]?6:5)
exten => _8XXX,5,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|sM)
exten => _8XXX,6,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|asM)

exten => _8XXXX,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => _8XXXX,2,Answer
exten => _8XXXX,3,Wait(1)
exten => _8XXXX,4,GotoIf($[${CALLERIDNUM} = ${EXTEN:1}]?6:5)
exten => _8XXXX,5,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|sM)
exten => _8XXXX,6,MeetMe(${EXTEN}|asM)

[ext-fax]
exten => s,1,Answer
exten => s,2,Goto(in_fax,1)
exten => in_fax,1,GotoIf($[${FAX_RX} = system]?2:analog_fax,1)
exten => in_fax,2,Macro(faxreceive)
exten => in_fax,3,system(tiff2ps -2eaz -w 8.5 -h 11 ${FAXFILE} | ps2pdf - ${FAXFILE}.pdf)
exten => in_fax,4,system(mime-construct --to ${EMAILADDR} --subject “Fax from ${CALLERIDNUM} ${CALLERIDNAME}” --attachment ${CALLERIDNUM}.pdf --type application/pdf --file ${FAXFILE}.pdf)
exten => in_fax,5,system(rm ${FAXFILE} ${FAXFILE}.pdf)
exten => in_fax,6,Hangup
exten => analog_fax,1,GotoIf($[${FAX_RX} = disabled]?3:2) ;if fax is disabled, just hang up
exten => analog_fax,2,DBGet(DIAL=DEVICE/${FAX_RX}/dial);
exten => analog_fax,3,Dial(${DIAL},20,d)
exten => analog_fax,4,Hangup
;exten => out_fax,1,wait(7)
exten => out_fax,1,txfax(${TXFAX_NAME}|caller)
exten => out_fax,2,Hangup
exten => h,1,Hangup()

[ext-record]
exten => *77,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *77,2,Wait(2)
exten => *77,3,Record(${CALLERIDNUM}ivrrecording:wav)
exten => *77,4,Wait(2)
exten => *77,5,Hangup
exten => *99,1,Macro(user-callerid)
exten => *99,2,Playback(${CALLERIDNUM}ivrrecording)
exten => *99,3,Wait(2)
exten => *99,4,Hangup

;this is where parked calls go if they time-out. Should probably re-ring
[default]
include => ext-local
exten => s,1,Playback(vm-goodbye)
exten => s,2,Macro(hangupcall)

[ext-test]
exten => 7777,1,Goto(from-pstn,s,1)
exten => 666,1,Goto(ext-fax,in_fax,1)
exten => h,1,Macro(hangupcall)

;echo test
exten => *43,1,Answer
exten => *43,2,Wait(2)
exten => *43,3,Playback(demo-echotest)
exten => *43,4,Echo
exten => *43,5,Playback(demo-echodone)
exten => *43,6,Hangup

Thanks for any help you can give me.


#4

Well, your dialplan is too complicated for me as I have just a little time now, but I hope you know where is the context which should be called when a call is coming from PSTN. Anyway the modules.conf is OK, but the phone.conf is not. Asterisk uses this file (phone.conf) for the POTS. So please, set ‘mode=fxo’, ‘echocancel=off’ (see the second line of its comment), ‘context=…’ (to the context which should be called in case of incoming call from PSTN) and finally ‘device => /dev/…’ (where your modem is located, eg.: /dev/modem). Restart Asterisk, and it should work. Anyway, after this weekend I’ll have some experiences with POTS, and I’ll post here if anything should be configured in another way. But till that have fun!

P.s.: Maybe, you should uncomment the gain settings and leave them as they are at the moment.


#5

I would also love to see what the answer on this is. I have my system originating calls just fine but cannot get it to answer at all.

Craig


#6

Okay guys, if I can make my config work, I’ll write a post here describing how to configure Asterisk to use a hardware internal voice modem. But now it’s not working for me. :frowning:


#7

I built a similar system (short of the elaborate dialplan, mine fits on two pages (;->)). I used a bottom-up approach and made sure the individual layers work right.
First I would check if the X100P clone works - did you try zttool to determine that?


#8

When I update the asterisk@home install with the yum command it breaks the modem configuration.


#9

[quote=“skidog”]When I update the asterisk@home install with the yum command it breaks the modem configuration.[/quote]I’m not quite sure what you mean with that, the obvious answer would be to “paddle back” to where you can verify the configuration as working.


#10

[quote= X100P clone works - did you try zttool to determine that?[/quote]

I’ve tried this tool and I have two cards, one is working fine and the other is red (may be a dead line). My working card can originate calls with no problem but I cannot get calls to answer on that line…

Craig


#11

Did you try this (simple troubleshooting, perhaps you went through this already):

  • Reduce system to one card. The two cards might not “play together”, even though zttool show one card OK.
  • PCI is cheap. Check if IRQ’s are sitting on each others’ backs. I believe there’s a couple of ways - I typically check this with the BIOS firmware. Resolve if need be… the “ghetto” solution is to move the card around until there are no IRQ conflicts. With two cards you’ll probably have to do more elaborate configuration work. Either way, you want to build the system as clean and neat as possible. There’s a lot of touchpoints though, I’m learning as I go.
  • Don’t bring back the second card before the system works with one.
  • run asterisk in full debug mode -vvvvvv to see if the system responds AT ALL.
  • You’ve got a second card, swap that in in order to determine if one card is defective (assuming at least one is OK).
  • Check the phone cord: Pull it out from card jack, connect a phone and place a call on the line. Does it ring? Probably, but that’s a quick check, just to make sure you’re not trying to ride a dead horse.